Journal of Water and Environmental Challenges, proudly affiliated with Urmia University, represents a distinguished forum for the rigorous exploration of multifaceted subjects within the purview of water resources management and engineering as well as geo-environmental issues. Esteemed as an online, single-blind peer-reviewed, open-access publication without charges, this journal is committed to fostering intellectual discourse on water resources, environmental issues, and associated scientific disciplines. Our journal transcends geographic boundaries, welcoming scholarly contributions from every corner of the globe. By upholding the principles of open access, we ensure equitable access to erudition, thus facilitating a convergence of diverse perspectives, paradigms, and methodologies.